Everything You Must Know About Glaucoma
Glaucoma damages the optic nerve in your eye, which can worsen with time. It frequently has to do with an increase in pressure within your eye. As a rule, glaucoma runs in families. Usually, you do not develop it until much later in life. The optic nerve, which carries information to the brain, might be damaged if the intraocular pressure inside the eye rises. Glaucoma can within some years result in total irreversible of blindness vision loss if the condition develops.
Most glaucoma sufferers do not experience early symptoms or pain. Timely eye exams will allow your eye doctor to identify and cure glaucoma before it causes long-term vision loss. Once vision has been lost, you cannot regain it. But you can maintain your present level of vision if you lower the pressure in your eye.
Most glaucoma sufferers who follow their medication regimen and get regular eye checks can keep their eyesight. Get the treatment of Glaucoma at one of the best eye clinics, Vesely. Here, you can be carefree, thanks to the eye surgery specialists’ extensive experience and the clinic’s updated tools and technology.
Types of Glaucoma:
- Open-angle glaucoma:
It is the most typical kind of glaucoma. The other name is wide-angle glaucoma. The eye drain system appears to be functioning properly, yet fluid is not exiting as it should.
- Angle-closure glaucoma:
In Asia, this is more typical. You can also refer it as narrow-angle glaucoma. Your eye stops draining properly when the space between your cornea and iris shrinks too much. Your eye pressure might unexpectedly increase because of this. Additionally, cataracts, the dulling of the farsightedness and eye’s lens are related to it.
- Normal-tension glaucoma:
Normal-tension glaucoma happens when your eye pressure remains in the normal range yet you still get blind spots in the sight or damaged optic nerve. As per some specialists, it is a type of open-angle glaucoma.
Causes of Glaucoma:
- Aqueous humour, the liquid that makes up your eye, usually exits the eye from a mesh-like tube.
- If the eye is producing too much fluid or if this pathway becomes blocked, the liquid may begin to accumulate.
- Chemical or traumatic eye damage, a serious eye infection, clogged blood vessels in the eye, and inflammatory disorders are a few less common causes of glaucoma.
- Experts occasionally are unable to determine what is behind this impediment. However, because it is heritable, parents can transmit it on to their children.
Symptoms of Glaucoma:
Most open-angle glaucoma patients do not show any symptoms. Angle-closure glaucoma indications usually appear sooner. Some of them are:
- Spotting haloes surrounding lights
- Loss of vision
- Your eye is red
- Stomach pain or vomiting
- Eye discomfort
Routine eye check-ups that include measuring your eye pressure are crucial. You can avoid vision loss or simply slow down the effects of glaucoma by following a routine check-up. For the remainder of your life, glaucoma patients will require treatment or monitoring.
The glaucoma test is quick and painless. An eye doctor will evaluate your vision. Your pupils will be widened with drops when they inspect your eyes. Your doctor may request specialised imaging examination of the optic nerve if they have glaucoma suspicion.