Family Counseling: Goals and Techniques
A family is a unit that consists of multiple members with differing thinking and belief systems. Family counseling enables individuals to resolve mutual conflicts and understand each other to enhance mental health and overall functioning.
Goals of Family Counseling
The goal of family therapy is to help the members to resolve conflicts. It helps to stabilize the emotional and mental health of every individual. The family therapist helps them overcome the issues affecting their health and performance. The common problems include:
- Schizophrenic Patient: If a family has an individual diagnosed with schizophrenia, it becomes difficult for others to cope with their thought process and behavior. Family therapy enables every family member to discuss their concerns and mutually take steps to ensure mental peace.
- Cross-Generational Boundaries: Generational gaps can affect the relationships within a family unit. Teenagers living with grandparents in collectivistic societies struggle to open up about their problems. The conservative environment affects performance. The aim of family therapy includes helping the members acknowledge, understand, and accept the differences. Also, parents and grandparents learn to respect personal space. The awareness allows them to maintain distance and stop questioning the choices of others.
- Deviation from Cultural and Social Norms: Unmarried couples living together can affect the mental health of the individuals. Thus, family therapy allows them to deal with external factors effectively to reduce internal conflicts.
- Acceptance of Religious and Cultural Differences: Families of individuals from different ethnicities, races, and religious backgrounds are more likely to have disputes. Family therapy enables every member to understand and accept others without being disrespectful.
- Blended Family: Individuals living with step-parents and children are more likely to suffer from unique situations that can aggravate aggression and anxiety. The goal of family counseling n such a situation is to establish healthy interactions and allow others to have personal space.
Family Counseling Effective Techniques
The family therapist utilizes various techniques to establish healthy relationships without further complications. The methods to enhance relationships and communication are based on the needs and structure of the family. The techniques include:
- Structural Techniques: The techniques allow every individual in the family to respect the boundaries of one another. The trust and new life routines enable everyone to share responsibilities equally. The set roles and responsibilities improve relationships and mental health.
- Psychodynamic Techniques: The family therapist assesses the feelings, behavior, and thought processes of everyone within the unit. It provides clarity on the way everyone responds in various situations. The cooperation among the family members allows them to have a better understanding of the personalities of one another. Family members become vigilant and respect the decisions. It helps improve trust and communication. The therapeutic technique allows the individual to enhance their overall health and functioning in their professional and personal life.
- Behavioral Techniques: The family therapist provides a safe space for the family to collectively learn to cope with stressful situations. Psychoeducation enables better understanding and communication. It counteracts the negativity and empowers every member to work together to resolve disputes. It reduces anxiety and stress and improves the overall performance of every individual within the family unit.